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www.wzcsl.com.cn,SmokeisdischargedfromchimneysataplantinHuai'ancity,EastChina'sJiangsuprovince,Jan31,2015.[Photo/IC]TheseveresmogthatshroudsChinesecitiesandthetrafficwoesthathauntUScitiesareremindersofhowmuchthetwocountriescanlearnfromandhelpeachotherintacklingsuchissuesinsteadofengaginginatradewarwhichtheincomingUSadministrationhashinteditwillinitiate.Thisweek,Beijingisonceagainunderaveryhighalert,shortlyafteraredone,themostseveresmogwarninginafour-tiersystem,announcedonDec16.AmidtheNewYearholidaycelebrationsandpartying,thetoxicsmogthathasblanketedtheChinesecapitalhasbecomethemosttalked-aboutsubjectofalldomesticsocialmedia.People'sanxietyhasreachedlevelsneverseenbefore.Theyhavecomparednotesonwhichmasksarethemosteffectiveandmosthaveexpresseddissatisfactionwiththeeffortsmadetotacklethesmoginthepastyears,whichhavemadelittleprogress."Smogterror,""nuclearwinter"and"gaschamber"arejustsomeofthewordsusedtodescribethehorrendousairpollution.Itistruethattheairpollutionsmogmaynotdisappearinthecomingyears,butitwouldreassurepeoplethatthefightwillonedaybeitsseveritylessensratherthanworsens.WhiletheBeijingauthoritiesreportedthisweekthattherehadbeenmoregoodairqualitydayslastyearthanthepreviousyear,thatthesituationisimprovingisnotthegeneralimpressionthepublichas.Therearestrongdoubtsthatalltheenvironmentallawsandregulationsarebeingstrictlyenforced,andwhethertheMinistryofEnvironmentalProtectionanditssubsidiarieshavethenecessaryteeth,astheircounterpartsinothercountrieshave.Forexample,LosAngelessufferedfromsevereairpollution20yearsago.YetaUniversityofSouthernCaliforniastudyreleasedayearagoshowedthatairpollutionhasdeclinedsignificantlyoverthepasttwodecades.Asaresult,residentsarehealthier,especiallyinlungfunctionandlunggrowthamongchildren.Stricterregulationsandstrongenforcementareregardedasamajorcontributortotheimprovement.ThestateofCalifornia,whereLosAngelesislocated,isnowtheleaderinenvironmentaltechnologyandstandards.ThatiswhatChina,Chinesecitiesandprovincesshouldaspiretobeincombatingairpollution.Anditwillbeawin-winifthetwocountriesstrengthencooperationinthisregard.Everyonelovesbluesky.However,itisjoylesstoseefellowChinesetakingandpostingpicturesofclearblueskyinBeijingbecauseit'ssorare.WhileChinesevisitingtheUSoftenmarvelattheclearskyintheUS,manyAmericanswhovisitChinaoftenpraisethehigh-speedtrainsandsmoothsubways.TheWednesdaymorningtraincrashinBrooklyn,NewYork,whichinjuredmorethan100passengers,camethreemonthsafteratraincrashinHoboken,NewJersey,thatkilledonebystanderanddestroyedpartofthehistorictrainterminal.OneofmyfellowChinesejournalistsbasedinWashingtondescribedherrecentrideontheslowandwobblyNo7trainfromFlushing,Queens,totheTimesSquareastorture.AskedwhyNewYorkersdon'tcomplainaboutthis,onefellowAmericanjournalist,aNewYorker,replied:"Maybepeoplearejustusedtothis."ThesameproblemexistsinWashingtonDC'sMetrosystemwhichisfinallyundergoingmassiverepairsafterignoringdecadesofwarning.MajordelayscausedbyscheduledandunscheduledrepairsarecommonplaceintheUScapital.Chinahasdoneamarvelousjobinbuildingitssubwaysystems.BothShanghaiandBeijinghavebuiltsubwaysystemswhosetotallengthisgreaterthanthatoftheoneinNewYorkCityinaboutadecade,whiletheSecondAvenueSubwayinNewYorktookliterallyacenturytobecompletedandopenedtotrafficonJan1.TheauthorisdeputyeditorofChinaDailyUSA.chenweihua@chinadailyusa.comUSPresident-electDonaldTrumppausesashetalkstomembersofthemediaatMar-a-LagoestateinPalmBeach,Florida,US,December21,2016.[Photo/Agencies]DonaldTrumpsaidhelikestobeunpredictable.Indeed,hehasbeensuccessfulinconfusingenemies,alliesandpartnersalike.HesaidChinahasstolenAmericanjobsandthreatenedtoslapa45percentimporttariffonChinesegoods.ButaChinesespokesmanhasalreadymadeitclearthatiftheone-Chinaprincipleisnotupheld,thedevelopmentofChina-USrelationsandbilateralcooperationinimportantareasisoutofthequestion.TodayChina'seconomyalreadyaccountsfor63percentofthatoftheUnitedStates.ShouldTrumpinitiateatradewarbetweenthetwolargesteconomiesintheworld,Chinawon'tbetheonlyloser.However,therearethingsthatcouldputChinaandtheUSonacollisioncourse.Thefearisthatincidents,suchasaChineseJ-8fighter'scollisionwithaUSEP-3in2001orthestandoffbetweentheUSNSImpeccableandtheUSSCowpenswithChinesevesselsin2009and2013,andthedeadlycloseencounterbetweenaChineseJ-11BfighterwithaUSNP-8Poseidonin2014,couldseethetwogiants"sleepwalking"intoawar.AnincidentbetweenChinaandJapanaroundthedisputedislandsintheEastChinaSeaorintheiroverlappingAirDefenseIdentificationZonescouldalsoleadtoaconflictthatinvolvestheUSasJapan'sally.Whetheritacknowledgesitornot,theUSisdecliningotherwiseTrumpwouldnotneedtodeclarehewantsto"makeAmericagreatagain".And,likeitornot,Chinaisstillrising,althoughitseconomyhasslowed.ThefirstChineseaircraftcarrierhasbecomeoperationalandasecondoneisintheworks.TheUSneedstodosomesoul-searchingonasimplequestion:HowmanymilitarysecretsdoesChinahavethatjustifiestheUS'dailyintelligencesurveillanceandreconnaissancethathaslastedfordecades.ThisistherootcauseoftheincidentswhichoccurinChina'sexclusiveeconomiczonesorintheSouthChinaSea.Inotherwords,ifthereisnoUSintelligencesurveillanceandreconnaissance,therewillnotbeanincident.True,thetwocountrieshavesignedTheRulesofBehaviorforSafetyofMaritimeandAirEncounterbetweenChinaandtheUSamilestoneinconfidencebuildingandavoidingacrisis,andpledgedtodomoreexercisestofamiliarizethemselveswithgoodseamanshipandairmanship.ButifastrongerChinabelievesthattheUS'intelligencesurveillanceandreconnaissanceactivitiesinChina'sexclusiveeconomiczonesareahostileactivitythatitneedstocounter,thereistheriskofanotherincident.AhealthyChina-USrelationshipcanonlybemanagedthroughdynamicleadership,firminstitutionsandstrongconfidencebuildingmeasures.Aheadofstateshouldbeaccountableand,inaway,bepredictable.Unpredictabilityisadangeroushattowear.Itonlyaddsuncertaintyandbreedsmiscalculations.ItremainstobeseeniftheUSwillcontinueits"freedomofnavigation"operationsintheSouthChinaSeaundertheTrumpadministration.ThankstoaU-turnintherelationshipbetweenChinaandthePhilippineslargelyspearheadedbyPresidentRodrigoDuterte,thetensionsintheSouthChinaSeahavecalmeddown.AnyfurtherUSintrusionintothewatersofChina-controlledislandsorreefswillonlyshowtheUStobethetroublemaker.Likeitornot,theworldhastodealwithaTrumpasUSpresident.Butbeingunpredictablewon'tbehissecretweapon.ItwillbehisAchilles'heel.TheauthorisanhonoraryfellowwithCenterofChina-AmericanDefenseRelationsatthePLAAcademyofMilitarySciences.

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